Biology

Biology

Gregory L. Gerdeman

Assistant Professor of Biology

Greg GerdemanOffice: 136 James Center for Molecular and Life Sciences
Lab: 106 CMLS
Lab Phone: 727-864-7446
Phone: 727-864-7899
Fax: 727-864-8382
Email Professor Gerdeman

Degrees
Ph.D. Pharmacology; Vanderbilt University 2001
B.S. Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Centre College 1995

Courses Taught
Cells & Genes (BI 112N), General and Molecular Physiology (BI308), Neuroscience (BI 397), Receptor Pharmacology (BI 412), Integration of Biology (BI 498), Molecules and the Mind (Winter Term), A Brain by Any Other Name (Autumn Term), Western Heritage in a Global Context I&II (WH 181, 182)

Research Interests
Cannabinoid biology, neurophysiology, evolutionary neurobiology, pharmacology, synaptic plasticity, drug addiction

My research focuses on the physiology and evolutionary neurobiology of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoids are lipid signaling molecules that activate CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, so named because these cell surface proteins are targets of compounds found in the cannabis plant, especially the psychoactive constituent Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).  Cannabis has been used by humans since antiquity, and there is currently a great resurgence of interest to understand and clarify its potential as a botanical medicine. These questions rely on a clear biological understanding of the ECS.

The ECS is now well understood to be a widespread regulator of homeostasis throughout the body, playing major roles in the nervous, immune, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and endocrine systems. In the brain, neurons release endocannabinoids as a means to “fine tune” their own synaptic inputs, thus representing a prominent form of cellular feedback and synaptic plasticity within neuronal circuits. These mechanisms are important for how the brain perceives sensory inputs, motivates behaviors, prevents neurotoxicity under conditions of pathology and stress, and accomplishes various forms of learning and memory.

One of my primary interests is the observed activation of ECS signaling by physical exercise, and how it may inform the use of physical activity for disease prevention, therapeutic interventions and general well-being.

My lab is also actively exploring the evolutionary emergence of cannabinoid receptors by investigating their function in marine invertebrate chordates, specifically the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis and the lancelet Branchiostoma floridae.

In the Media

National GeographicClick here to read National Geographic News coverage of Dr. Gerdeman’s research on endocannabinoids and the evolution of endurance running behaviors.

Men’s Health animation on How Running Makes You High

Time Magazine – quoted in The Great Pot Experiment (2015)

Runner’s World – quoted in Is Marijuana the Source of a New Runner’s High?

Tampa Bay Times – Dr. Gerdeman profiled in Cannabinoid receptor research outlines why pot may work as medicine (2014)

Guest editorial on low-THC cannabis: Science is Indisputable: Marijuana is Medicine (2014)

Dr. Gerdeman quoted in Study suggests medical marijuana reduces opiate overdoses (2014)

Research Grants
Co-Principal Investigator, "Neurobiological Rewards in the Evolution of Endurance Running in Humans and Cursorial Mammals." Funded by the National Science Foundation, 2008-2011. Collaboration with Dr. David Raichlen (Univ Arizona) and Dr. Andrea Giuffrida (Univ Texas at San Antonio).

Postdoctoral research, “The Functional Neurobiology of Cannabinoids in Brain” (U01 DA14263-04). Funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse; 2002-2007.

Predoctoral research, “Cannabinoid Modulation of Neostriatal Glutamate Release.” National Research Service Award, (F31 DA05928). Funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse; 1999-2001.

Other Interests
Music and nature. Traditional West African percussion and other hand drumming. Philosophies of nonviolence and interdependence. I am fascinated by spiritual practices of contemplative and shamanic traditions and the intersection of these practices (and world views) with the perspectives of modern neuroscience. Meditation, hiking, and camping are all important in my life. I have served on the Medical and Scientific Advisory Board of Americans for Safe Access, and am faculty sponsor for the Eckerd chapter of Students for Sensible Drug Policy.

Published articles and book chapters
Raichlen, D.A., Foster, A.D., Gerdeman, G.L., Seiller, A. and Giuffrida, A. (2012) Wired to run: exercise-induced endocannabinoid signaling in humans and cursorial mammals with implication for the runner’s high. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215: 1331-1336.

Raichlen, D.A., Foster, A.D., Seiller, A., Giuffrida, A. and Gerdeman, G.L., (2012) Exercise-induced endocannabinoid signaling is modulated by intensity. European Journal of Applied Physiology, DOI:10.1007/s00421-012-2495-5.

Gerdeman, G.L. and Schechter (2010) The molecular physiology of endocannabinoids. In The Pot Book: A Complete Guide to Cannabis; Its Role in Medicine, Politics, Science and Culture. Julie Holland, ed. (Park Street Press), pp. 52-62.

Gerdeman, G.L., Schechter, J.B. and French, E.D. (2008) Context-specific reversal of locomotor sensitization to cocaine by the CB1 receptor antagonist rimonabant. Neuropsychopharmacology, 33: 2747-2759.

Keeney, B.K., Raichlen, D.A., Meek, T.H., Wijeratne, R.S., Middleton, K.M., Gerdeman, G.L. and Garland, T. (2008) Differential response to a selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist (SR141716: rimonabant) in female mice from lines selectively bred for high voluntary wheel-running behaviour. Behavioural Pharmacology, 19: 812-820.

Gerdeman, G.L. (2008) Endocannabinoids at the synapse – retrograde signaling and presynaptic plasticity in the brain. In Cannabinoids and the Brain, Attila Köfalvi, ed. (Springer: New York) pp. 203-236.

Gerdeman, G.L. and Fernández-Ruiz, J. (2008) The endocannabinoid system in the physiology and pathology of the basal ganglia. In Cannabinoids and the Brain, Attila Köfalvi, ed. (Springer: New York) pp. 423-483.

Ronesi, J., Gerdeman, G. L. and Lovinger, D. M. (2004) Disruption of endocannabinoid release and striatal long-term depression by postsynaptic blockade of endocannabinoid membrane transport. Journal of Neuroscience, 24(7): 1673-1679.

Gerdeman, G. L., Partridge, J. P., Lupica, C. R. and Lovinger, D. M. (2003) It could be habit forming: drugs of abuse and striatal synaptic plasticity. Trends in Neurosciences, 26(4): 184-192.

Gerdeman, G.L. and Lovinger, D.M. (2003) Emerging roles for endocannabinoids in long-term synaptic plasticity. British Journal of Pharmacology, 140: 781-789.

Gerdeman, G. L., Ronesi, J. and Lovinger, D. M. (2002) Postsynaptic endocannabinoid release is critical to long-term depression in the striatum. Nature Neuroscience 5: 446-451.

Gerdeman, G. and Lovinger, D. M. (2001) CB1 cannabinoid receptor inhibits synaptic release of glutamate in rat dorsolateral striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology 85: 468-471.

Life After Eckerd

Approximately two-thirds of Eckerd Biology graduates have continued with postgraduate study at many of the most prestigious medical and graduate schools in the nation. Eckerd College has been ranked near the top of all U.S. colleges and universities in terms of the percentage of its alumni who have gone on to earn Ph.D. degrees and Eckerd students have scored in the highest percentiles of the GRE and MCAT exams.

The James Center

Center for Molecular and Life Sciences

Equipped with the latest in eco-conscious innovations, educational technology and scientific instrumentation, the James Center for Molecular and Life Sciences will advance our efforts to prepare tomorrow’s leaders in the sciences, and will quickly become the hub of the Natural Sciences at Eckerd College. Discover the James Center.