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- Is not rearranging words in a sentence.*
- Is not substituting words with a thesaurus.*
- Is synthesizing a passage of text and describing it (the idea) in your own words.*
- Is restating or summarizing someone else's words or ideas and giving credit to the author (that fall outside of common knowledge).
A Closer Look: Review the Scenario Below
Review the following examples**. This is an original paragraph from: Delfattore, Joan. What Johnny shouldn't read : textbook censorship in America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
In the Dick and Jane readers some of us remember from our childhoods, a family consisted of a married couple, two or three well-behaved children, and a dog and a cat. Father wore suits and went out to work; mother wore aprons and baked cupcakes. Little girls sat demurely watching little boys climb trees. Home meant a single-family house in a middle-class suburban neighborhood. Color the lawn green. Color the people white. Family life in the textbook world was idyllic; parents did not quarrel, children did not disobey, and babies did not throw up on the dog.
These three paragraphs illustrate common ways Delfattore's paragraph is plagiarized.
|In the Dick and Jane readers some of us remember from our childhoods, a family consisted of a married couple, two or three well-behaved children, and a dog and a cat. Father wore suits and went out to work; mother wore aprons and baked cupcakes. Little girls sat demurely watching little boys climb trees.||This has been directly copied without quotation marks or credit to the author.|
|According to Delfattore, the Dick and Jane readers of several years ago pictured an unrealistic family life. Stories always seemed to take place in middle-class suburban neighborhoods where life was idyllic; parents never quarreled and children always obeyed.||Although credit has been given to the author, portions have been paraphrased incorrectly. Merely rearranging or substituting words is insufficient.|
|In the past, elementary school reading books told stories of an unrealistic life style. Families always lived in suburbia where homes and life were picture perfect...||Although this has been paraphrased, credit has not been given to the author.|
**Avoiding Plagiarism, 2008, Rio Salado College, 9 December 2008 <http://www.riosalado.edu/library/tutorials/Pages/avoidingPlagiarism.aspx>.
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.|