PH 241N: Fundamental Physics I
Kinematics and dynamics for linear and rotational motion, Newton's laws of motion, gravity. Concepts of work, energy, momentum, angular momentum and conservation laws. Oscillatory motion, fluids. Calculus based, with laboratory. Corequesite: MA 131M.

PH 242: Fundamental Physics II
Temperature, gas laws, first and second laws of thermodynamics, entropy. Electric charge, fields, current, DC circuits. Magnetic fields and forces, Ampere's law, and Faraday's law of induction. Geometrical and physical optics. Calculus based with laboratory. Prerequisite: PH 241N and MA 131M.

PH 243: Modern Physics
Special relativity. Problems with classical theory and development of quantum mechanics. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for one-dimensional potentials, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom. Elementary quantum treatment of molecules and solids. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite: PH 242 and MA 132M.

PH 244: Electronics Laboratory
First principles of analog and digital electronic circuit theory, basic operation of electronic circuits, instruments, utilizing modern electronic technique and instrumentation. Prerequisite: PH 242.

PH 245: Computer Models in Science
Introduction to computational science through physical, chemical, geological and biological examples. Modeling of various dynamical systems like planets, molecules and populations by programming a computer. Learning software programs to visualize results. Prerequisites: PH 242 and CS 143M. Fulfills a computational science minor requirement.

PH 320: Optics
Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, light and geometric optics, superposition and polarization of waves, interference and diffraction of waves, coherence theory, holography and lasers. Prerequisites: MA 132M and PH 242.

PH 330: Statistical Mechanics/Thermodynamics
Fundamental concepts of thermodynamics including first, second and third laws; thermodynamic potentials. Development of the Maxwell-Boltzman, Fermi-Dirac, and Bose-Einstein distribution functions. Prerequisite: PH 243.

PH 341: Classical Mechanics
Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of dynamics. Prerequisites: PH 242 and MA 234N.

PH 342: Electricity and Magnetism I
Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromagnetic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PH 242 and MA 234N.

PH 343: Electricity and Magnetism II
Continuation of PH 342. Electrodynamics, electromagnetic waves, and special relativity. Prerequisite: PH 342.

PH1 410: Physics Seminar-1st Semester
Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in physics. One course credit upon satisfactory completion of two year participation. Topical issues in physics.

PH2 410: Physics Seminar-2nd Semester
Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters required for one course credit. Prerequisite: PH1 410.

PH3 410: Physics Seminar-3rd Semester
Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters required for on course credit. Prerequisites: PH1 410 and PH2 410.

PH4 410: Physics Seminar-4th Semester
Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters required for one course credit. Prerequisites: PH1 410, PH2 410 and PH3 410.

PH 443: Quantum Physics I
Modern quantum theory and relativity. Comparison of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite: PH 243.

PH 444: Quantum Physics II
Three-dimensional wave equation and application to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced with emphasis on low- energy scattering. Prerequisite: PH 433.

PH 498: Comprehensive Examinations

PH 499: Independent Research--Thesis
Outstanding students majoring in physics normally are invited to engage in active research and to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehensive exam.