We also offer a variety of minors some of which are associated with majors and others which are interdisciplinary in nature. An academic minor is an option available to all students but is not a degree requirement.

American Studies

Visit the American Studies website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Anthropology website for full details about this minor.


The minor in Arabic requires a total of five courses, which must include the two-year language sequence (AB 101/102, AB 201/202) or their equivalents. The fifth course can be AB 301 Advanced Arabic or AB 280G Middle Eastern Culture.

Art (Visual Arts)

Visit the Visual Arts website for full details about this minor.

Art History

Visit the Art History page for full details about this minor.


Visit the Biology website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Chemistry website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Chinese page for full details about this minor.

Classical Humanities

Visit the Classical Humanities page for full details about this minor.

Coastal Management

The coastal management minor focuses on the development of skills suitable for students interested in management of coastal and marine resources, as well as those students pursuing careers in environmental consulting and academia. Students minoring in coastal management must learn to interpret critical coastal and marine issues from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Students will be exposed to coursework focusing on environmental/natural resource management, the biological and physical environment, and human dimensions of coastal management. The Minor in Coastal Management will help students integrate knowledge on an array of different topics, such as land use planning, protected area management, resource economics, environmental law and public policy in the interdisciplinary study of the management of coastal and marine environments.

The Coastal Management Minor is comprised of six classes. Students will be expected to take two core interdisciplinary courses related to the management of coastal and marine resources. Students must also take three electives from two broadly defined categories of study. The minor requires a minimum of one elective from both the Physical and Biological Environment and the Human Dimensions categories. The minor also requires that students take one class from a category of analytic tools. These tools will aid in the evaluation of interdisciplinary coastal and marine issues.

Required Courses

  • ES211 Introduction to Coastal Management
  • One Coastal, Upper-Level Synthesis Class (either ES460 Coastal Hazards: Science and Management, ES461 Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management, ES 463 Fisheries Governance, or MS 310 Marine Conservation Ecology).
  • One Tools course
  • 3 Electives (one elective from the Biological and Physical Environment category and one from the Human Dimensions category). At least one elective must be 300 level or higher.

Note: Environmental Studies majors and minors may not double count more than two courses.

Biological & Physical Environment Courses

(Must take at least one class)
  • BI 362 Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles
  • ES 270N Environmental Biology
  • ES 317 Global Environmental Change
  • ES 372 Estuaries
  • ES 373 Restoration Ecology
  • ES 470 Wetlands
  • MS 101N Geological Oceanography
  • MS 102N Biological Oceanography
  • MS 302 Biology of Fishes
  • MS 309 Principles of Hydrology
  • MS 311 Marine Mammalogy
  • MS 315 Elasmobranch Biology and Management
  • MS 322 Coral Reefs
  • MS 401 Coastal Geology

Human Dimensions Courses

(Must take at least one class)
  • AN 210 Sustainable Development
  • EC 201S Introduction to Economics of Environment
  • EC 373 Natural Resource Economics
  • EC 374 Environmental Economics
  • EC 388 Economic Development
  • ES 280 Environmental Education
  • ES 315S Wildlife Policy
  • ES 375 Environmental Communication
  • ES 475 Climate Change Communication
  • ES 480 Advanced Policy of Protected Areas
  • ES 481 Advanced Ecotourism Policy/Practice
  • HI 353 Environmental History
  • PO 325S Environmental Politics and Policy
  • A second Coastal, Upper-Level Synthesis Class; either ES 460 Coastal Hazards: Science and Management or ES 461 Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management

Tools Courses

(Must take at least one class from any category below)

Statistics course

  • BE 260M Statistical Methods for Sciences
  • EC 460 Econometrics
  • IB 201M Int?l Business Statistics
  • MA 133M Statistics: An Introduction
  • MN 260M Statistical Methods for Management & Economics
  • PO 260M Political Science Research Methods
  • PS 200
    & PS 201M Statistics and Research Design I & II
  • SO 160M Statistical Methods

GIS/Remote Sensing course

  • ES 341N GIS for Environmental Studies
  • ES 342 Introduction to Remote Sensing

Writing course

  • CO 200E Writing the Environment
  • CO 326 Environmental Rhetoric

Comparative Literature

For a minor in Comparative Literature a student must take six courses, at least three of which are at the 300 level. Of these, three must be LI-designated courses in comparative literature, and three must be courses in the literature of one or more foreign languages (including courses in translation).

Computational Science

The minor in Computational Science gives students in the natural sciences a significant computing extension to their academic major and allows them to explore modern uses of computation and the computer in the sciences. The minor requires a total of six courses:

  • CS 143 Intermediate Programming
  • MA 234N Differential Equations

Any two mathematics or physics courses and any two computer science courses, from the following list:

  • MA 238 Optimization Techniques
  • MA 333 Probability and Statistics I
  • MA 341 Numerical Analysis
  • MA 351 Fourier Analysis
  • MA 421 Partial Differential Equations
  • PH 245 Computer Models in Science
  • CS 221N Data Structures
  • CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms
  • CS 334 Bioinformatics
  • CS 415 Computer Networks
  • CS 450 Computer Graphics
  • CS 455 Digital Image Processing
  • CS 470 Evolutionary Computation

? Students may not minor in both Computational Science and Computer Science, nor major in Computer Science.

Computer Science

Visit the Computer Science website for full details about this minor.

Creative Writing

Visit the Creative Writing website for full details about this minor.

East Asian Studies

Visit the East Asian Studies website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Economics website for full details about this minor.

Environmental Studies

Visit the Environmental Studies website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Business Administration & Management website for full details about this minor.

Film Studies

Visit the Film Studies page for full details about this minor.


A minor in finance requires the following:

  • MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance
  • IB 378 Investment Finance
  • EC 386 Money and Banking
  • IB 486 International Finance and Banking

A choice of one of the following courses which must be approved by the Management Discipline Coordinator:

  • MN 384 Managerial Economics
  • MN 475 Investment Analysis
  • EC 480 International Economics & Foreign Exchange
  • MN 479 Corporate Finance
  • Internship/Independent Study

All courses for the minor must e passed with a grade of C- or better.


Visit the French website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Geosciences website for full details about this minor.


Visit the History website for full details about this minor.

Human Development

Visit the Human Development website for full details about this minor.

Interdisciplinary Arts

Visit the Interdisciplinary Arts website for full details about this minor.

International Business

Visit the International Business website for full details about this minor.


The minor in Italian requires a total of five courses, which must include the first and second year sequences (101/102, 201/202) or their equivalents. The fifth course can be IT 301H or 302H, IT 306H, Winter Term Language Immersion in Italy, or an independent study course in Italian language or culture.


The minor in Japanese requires a total of five courses which must include the two-year language sequence (JA 101/102, JA 201/202, JA301H/302, JA401/402) or their equivalents. The fifth course should be chosen from among the following:

  • AH 221A Arts of Japan: Jomon to Anime
  • EA 204G Japanese Popular Culture
  • EA 311G Modern Japan
  • HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families
  • JA 207G Japanese Culture: Supernatural
  • JA 210G Japanese Literature: Love and Revenge
  • JA 270E Japanese Literature: Embracing Nature
  • JA 285E Japanese Cinema: Images of Nature
  • JA 307G Modern Japanese Literature: Self & Society
  • PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, and Foreign Policy
  • WT Winter Term in Japan

Minors who transfer credit (from the U.S. or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced course in Japanese at Eckerd.


Visit the Journalism page for full details about this minor.

Latin American Studies

The Latin American Studies minor offers an introduction to the history, societies, politics, language, literature and cultures of Latin America. The minor in Latin American Studies is interdisciplinary and draws from the humanities and the social sciences. It is designed to complement all majors at the College by adding an international dimension.

The Latin American Studies minor consists of one core course, two courses in Spanish and three electives. The core course is Latin American Area Studies (AN 285G). Two courses in Spanish starting at the student's incoming level of language proficiency are required. Native speakers must take two Spanish classes at the 300 or 400 level. The three electives must be chosen from at least two of the following fields of study:


  • AN 212G: Mesoamerican Civilizations
  • AN 287G: Caribbean Area Studies
  • History/Political Science
  • HI 371H: History of Latin America
  • PO 211G: Inter-American Relations
  • PO 311G: Latin American Politics


  • LI 314G: Caribbean Literature and Film

Available to students with advanced level of proficiency or native speakers:

  • SP 301H: History and Culture of the Hispanic World
  • SP 305H: Dictators and Revolution in Latin America
  • SP 312H: Latin American Culture in Film
  • SP 408: Latin American Literature: Reinventing Fiction
  • SP 407: Hispanic Women Writers
  • SP 409 Latin America: Human Rights Literature
  • SP 412: Cuban Literature

Two Winter Term courses may be counted towards the LAS minor: one Winter Term project with a major focus on Latin America offered on or off campus and one Eckerd faculty-led Spanish language intensive course. The language intensive winter term course must count as one of the required semesters of language study. Students majoring in Spanish may only count two of the upper level language classes taken for that major towards the Latin American Studies minor.

Law and Justice

The minor in Law & Justice is designed explicitly for students who are planning to attend law school. Students completing the minor will gain important legal knowledge and skills that should serve them well in law school and later in law-related careers. The minor requires the successful completion of one foundational course: either Constitution and Government Power (PO301) or Constitution and Individual Rights (PO 302S) and five additional courses from a list of law-related courses offered across the College's curriculum.

Completion of this minor exposes students to the major principles underlying American law, the case method of legal study, and the role of law in American society. The College's Pre-Law Advisor oversees the minor in Law & Justice and assists students in the program, providing them with career advice and assistance with the law school admission process. Students choosing a minor in Law & Justice are strongly encouraged to select a complementary major in consultation with the College's Pre-law Advisor.

The Law & Justice minor is ideal for students majoring in several other programs offered at the College. Students interested in eventually pursuing a career in environmental law can pair the minor with a major in Environmental Studies. Those interested in a career in corporate law can combine a Law & Justice minor with a major in Business Administration or Management. A minor in Law & Justice could complement a major in International Relations & Global Affairs for those interested in going into the field of International Law.

Electives for the minor include the following courses:

  • AN 248S Forensic Anthropology
  • CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication
  • CM 223 Argumentation & Debate
    CO 122 Analytic & Persuasive Writing
  • CO 202 Writing for Social Change
  • EC 281S Principles of Microeconomics
  • ES 345H Environmental Ethics & Justice
  • HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75
  • HD 214S Human Trafficking
  • HD 387 Forensics and Human Behavior
  • IR 341 The Hague & International Law
  • LI 216H Literature, Justice, and Law
  • MN 278S Business Law
  • PL 102M Introduction to Logic
  • PL 210M Introduction to Symbolic Logic
  • PO 243S Human Rights & International Law
  • PO 301S Constitution & Government Powe
  • PO 302S Constitution & Individual Rights
  • PO 304S U.S. Congress
  • PO 343S International Environmental Law
  • PO 421S Comparative Judicial Politics
  • SO 235 Deviance

Leadership Studies

The Leadership Studies minor includes six courses from the approved list of courses. These courses address theory, skills, and values and expose students to a multitude of relevant dimensions of scholarship about leadership. In addition, students must complete a major project, internship, or practicum in which they demonstrate significant leadership.

Complete five of the following courses from the first two groups:

Theory/Scholarship (select 3)

  • MN 110S Principles of Management & Leadership
  • HD 207S Group Dynamics
  • EC 301S Leadership: The Human Side of Economics
  • EN 411 Social Entrepreneurship
  • MN 312S Women and Leadership
  • MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership
  • MN 385 Leadership of Complex Organizations
  • MN 406S Nonprofit Management

Skills (select 2, no more than one from each discipline)

  • FD 1 Leadership & Self Discovery Practicum
  • TH 101A The Human Instrument
  • TH 163A Basic Acting
  • CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication
  • CM 223 Argumentation & Debate
  • CO 122 Analytic & Persuasive Writing
  • CO 328 Research Writing and Technology

Complete one of the following courses or an independent course or project which demonstrates significant leadership:

  • CR1/2 305 Resident Advisor Internship
  • FD1/2 280 Peer Mentoring Internship
  • HD 405 Practicum in Group Process
  • MN 480 Proctoring in Management
  • MN 482 Proctoring in Organizational Behavior

All courses for the minor must be passed with a grade of C- or better.


Visit the Literature website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Management website for full details about this minor.

Marine Science

Visit the Marine Science website for full details about this minor.


Visit the Marketing website for full details about this minor.

Mathematics & Applied Mathematics

Visit the Mathematics website for full details about this minor.

Middle East N. Africa Studies

Middle East-North Africa Studies is an interdisciplinary, transnational field that focuses on the peoples, cultures, politics, languages, histories and current issues of the Middle East and North Africa.

The requirements include:

  • Completion of one of two Core courses: PO 252S Middle East Politics or HI 218 Modern Middle East.
  • If not taken as core requirements, then PO 252S or HI 235 can count as electives.
  • Two semesters of Arabic language (AB101 and AB102).
  • Native speakers or students who test out of AB101 and 102 will be required to take one additional language course, 200 level or above. Additional Arabic training is strongly encouraged for all students but will not count toward an elective requirement.
  • Three elective courses spread among at least two collegia (for example, two courses in BES and one in Letters).
  • At least one of the electives must be a 300 level course or above.

  • Courses that will count to fulfill the elective requirement
  • AB 231G: Middle East Culture
  • EC 388: Economic Development (prerequisite of either EC 201S, EC 281S, or EC 282S)
  • HI 260G: France and the Islamic World
  • PL 230H: Philosophy of Religion
  • PO 221S: Politics of Revolution and Development
  • PO 263G: North African Politics
  • PO 322S: Authoritarian Political Systems
  • PO 325E: MENA Environmental Politics
  • PO 362G: Middle East Conflicts and Wars
  • PO 363G: Middle East Political Economy
  • PO 364: Islam and Human Rights
  • PO 365G: The Syrian Civil War
  • PO 366S: Conspiracy Theories in the MidEast and US
  • PO 369G: The Globalization of Crime
  • RE 240G: Religion, Power and Difference
  • RE 244H: Middle Eastern Religions
  • RE 334G: Gender, Activism and Religion

  • Music

    Visit the Music website for full details about this minor.


    Visit the Philosophy website for full details about this minor.


    Visit the Physics website for full details about this minor.

    Political Science

    Visit the Political Science website for full details about this minor.


    Visit the Psychology website for full details about this minor.

    Religious Studies

    Visit the Religious Studies website for full details about this minor.


    Visit the Sociology website for full details about this minor.


    Visit the Spanish website for full details about this minor.


    The sustainability minor explores the interaction of human society with the natural world and examines existing attempts to make human society more sustainable. The study of sustainability requires experience with a wide array of disciplines, and this minor is designed to familiarize students with the approaches of the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences to the relationship between humans and nature. This minor is a good match for students who want to understand the role of their major in the context of the challenges of sustainability and want to use their knowledge and skills to address these challenges.

    The minor is comprised of three core courses and three elective courses, one drawn from each of three areas: Humanity and Nature, The Natural World, and Applying Ideas. Note: No more than two courses may be double counted between the Sustainability minor and the Environmental Studies minor, Coastal Management minor, or the Environmental Studies major.

    Core Courses

    • EC 280S: Intro to Microeconomics of the Environment, EC 281S: Principles of Microeconomics, or EC 282S: Principles of Macroeconomics
    • AN 210: Sustainable Development, PO 342S: Hunger, Plenty, and Justice, or ES 228 Food and Sustainability
    • ES 493: Sustainable Cities or PO 354G UN and Sustainability

    Humanity and Nature

    (Choose one)
    • AN 220E: Cultural Geography
    • AN 335E: Cultural Ecology
    • ES 351E: Influential Environmental Writers
    • ES 315S: Wildlife Policy
    • HI 316E: Empire and the Environment
    • HI 354E: European Environmental History
    • JA 270E: Japanese Literature: Embracing Nature
    • JA 285E: Japanese Cinema: Images of Nature
    • LI 106E: Southern Literature and the Environment
    • PO 325S: Environment Politics and Policy
    • PO 337E: Chinese Environmental Politics
    • PL 243E: Environmental Ethics
    • RE 381E: Ecotheology
    • RE 382H: Asian Religions and the Environment
    • RE 383E: Nature Religion

    The Natural World

    (Choose one)
    • BI 371: Conservation Biology
    • BI 373: Restoration Ecology
    • ES 270N: Environmental Biology (BI 111N Ecology and Evolution or MS 102N Biological Oceanography can count as equivalent)
    • ES 317: Global Environmental Change
    • MS 310 Marine Conservation Ecology
    • NA 173N: Intro to Environmental Science

    Applying Ideas

    (Choose one)
    • EC 373: Natural Resource Economics
    • EC 374: Environmental Economics
    • EC 388: Economic Development
    • ES 214: Green Design
    • ES 375: Environmental Communication
    • ES 475: Climate Change Communication
    • MA 304: Mathematics for Sustainability
    • MN 401: Corporate Social Responsibility
    • MN 351E: Technology, Society and the Environment
    • MN 401: Corporate Social Responsibility
    • MN 411: Social Entrepreneurship
    • PO 343S: International Environmental Law


    Visit the Theatre website for full details about this minor.

    Women's and Gender Studies

    Visit the Women’s and Gender Studies website for full details about this minor.