We also offer a variety of minors some of which are associated with majors and others which are interdisciplinary in nature. An academic minor is an option available to all students but is not a degree requirement.

American Studies

Visit the American Studies website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Anthropology website for full details about the discipline.

Art (Visual Arts)

Visit the Visual Arts website for full details about the discipline.

Art History

Visit the Art History page for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Biology website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Chemistry website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Chinese page for full details about the discipline.

Classical Humanities

Visit the Classical Humanities page for full details about the discipline.

Coastal Management


The coastal management minor focuses on the development of skills suitable for students interested in management of coastal and marine resources, as well as those students pursuing careers in environmental consulting and academia. Students minoring in coastal management must learn to interpret critical coastal and marine issues from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Students will be exposed to coursework focusing on environmental/natural resource management, the biological and physical environment, and human dimensions of coastal management. The Minor in Coastal Management will help students integrate knowledge on an array of different topics, such as land use planning, protected area management, resource economics, environmental law and public policy in the interdisciplinary study of the management of coastal and marine environments.

The Coastal Management Minor is comprised of six classes. Students will be expected to take two core interdisciplinary courses related to the management of coastal and marine resources. Students must also take three electives from two broadly defined categories of study. The minor requires a minimum of one elective from both the Physical and Biological Environment and the Human Dimensions categories. The minor also requires that students take one class from a category of analytic tools. These tools will aid in the evaluation of interdisciplinary coastal and marine issues.

Required Courses

  • ES211 Introduction to Coastal Management
  • One Coastal, Upper-Level Synthesis Class (either ES460 Coastal Hazards: Science and Management, ES461 Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management, or ES 463 Fisheries Governance).
  • One Tools course
  • 3 Electives (one elective from the Biological and Physical Environment category and one from the Human Dimensions category). At least one elective must be 300 level or higher.

Note: Environmental Studies majors and minors may not double count more than two courses.

Biological & Physical Environment Courses
(Must take at least one class)

MS101N Geological Oceanography
MS102N Biological Oceanography
ES270 Environmental Biology
MS311 Marine Mammalogy
ES317 Global Environmental Change
ES372 Estuaries
ES373 Restoration Ecology
MS401 Coastal Geology
BI 371N Conservation Biology

Human Dimensions Courses
(Must take at least one class)

EC201S Introduction to Economics of Environment
ES315S Wildlife Policy
PO325S Environmental Politics and Policy
HI353E Environmental History
EC373 Natural Resource Economics
EC374 Environmental Economics
EC388 Economic Development
ES480 Advanced Policy of Protected Areas
ES481 Advanced Ecotourism Policy/Practice
A second Coastal, Upper-Level Synthesis Class; either ES460 Coastal Hazards: Science and Management or ES461 Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management

Tools Courses
(Must take at least one class from any category below)

Statistics course
PO260M Political Science Research Methods
BE260M Statistical Methods for Sciences
SO160M Statistical Methods
MN260M Statistical Methods for Management & Economics
PS200 & PS201M Statistics and Research Design I & II
MA133M Statistics: An Introduction
ES 460 Econometrics

GIS/Remote Sensing course
ES341N GIS for Environmental Studies
ES342 Introduction to Remote Sensing

Writing course
CO200E Writing the Environment
CO326 Environmental Rhetoric

Comparative Literature


For a minor in Comparative Literature a student must take six courses, at least three of which are at the 300 level. Of these, three must be LI-designated courses in comparative literature, and three must be courses in the literature of one or more foreign languages (including courses in translation).

Computational Science


The minor in Computational Science gives students in the natural sciences a significant computing extension to their academic major and allows them to explore modern uses of computation and the computer in the sciences. The minor requires a total of six courses :

    CS 143 Introduction to Computer Science
    MA 234N Differential Equations

and any two mathematics or physics courses and any two computer science courses, from the following list:

    MA 238 Optimization Techniques
    MA 333 Probability and Statistics I
    MA 341 Numerical Analysis
    MA 351 Fourier Analysis
    MA 421 Partial Differential Equations
    PH 245 Computer Models in Science

    CS 221N Data Structures
    CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms
    CS 334 Bioinformatics
    CS 415 Computer Networks
    CS 430 GPU Computing
    CS 450 Computer Graphics
    CS 455 Digital Image Processing
    CS 470 Evolutionary Computation

Students may not minor in both Computational Science and Computer Science.

Computer Science

Visit the Computer Science website for full details about the discipline.

Creative Writing

Visit the Creative Writing website for full details about the discipline.

East Asian Studies

Visit the East Asian Studies website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Economics website for full details about the discipline.

Environmental Studies

Visit the Environmental Studies website for full details about the discipline.

Film Studies

Visit the Film Studies page for full details about the discipline.



A minor in finance requires the following:

    MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance
    IB 378 Investment Finance
    EC 386 Money and Banking
    IB 486 International Finance and Banking

and a choice of one of the following courses which must be approved by the Management Discipline Coordinator:

    MN 384 Managerial Economics
    MN 475 Investment Analysis
    EC 480 International Economics & Foreign Exchange
    MN 479 Corporate Finance
    Internship / Independent Study

All courses for the minor must e passed with a grade of C- or better.


Visit the French website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Geosciences website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the History website for full details about the discipline.

Human Development

Visit the Human Development website for full details about the discipline.

Interdisciplinary Arts

Visit the Interdisciplinary Arts website for full details about the discipline.

International Business

Visit the International Business website for full details about the discipline.



The minor in Italian requires a total of five courses, which must include the first and second year sequences (101/102, 201/202) or their equivalents. The fifth course can be IT 301H or 302H, IT 306H, Winter Term Language Immersion in Italy, or an independent study course in Italian language or culture.



The minor in Japanese requires a total of five courses which must include the two-year language sequence (JA 101/102, JA 201/202, JA301H/302, JA401/402) or their equivalents. The fifth course should be chosen from among the following:

  • AH 221A Arts of Japan: Jomon to Anime
  • EA 204G Japanese Popular Culture
  • EA 311G Modern Japan
  • HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families
  • JA 207G Japanese Culture: Supernatural
  • JA 210G Japanese Literature: Love and Revenge
  • JA 270E Japanese Literature: Embracing Nature
  • JA 285E Japanese Cinema: Images of Nature
  • JA 307G Modern Japanese Literature: Self & Society
  • PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, and Foreign Policy
  • WT Winter Term in Japan

Minors who transfer credit (from the U.S. or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced course in Japanese at Eckerd.


Visit the Journalism page for full details about the discipline.

Latin American Studies


The Latin American Studies minor offers an introduction to the history, societies, politics, language, literature and cultures of Latin America. The minor in Latin American Studies is interdisciplinary and draws from the humanities and the social sciences. It is designed to complement all majors at the College by adding an international dimension.

The Latin American Studies minor consists of one core course, two courses in Spanish and three electives. The core course is Latin American Area Studies (AN 285G). Two courses in Spanish starting at the student's incoming level of language proficiency are required. Native speakers must take two Spanish classes at the 300 or 400 level. The three electives must be chosen from at least two of the following fields of study:

AN 212G: Mesoamerican Civilizations
AN 287G: Caribbean Area Studies

History/Political Science
HI 371H: History of Latin America
PO 211G: Inter-American Relations
PO 311G: Latin American Politics

LI 314G: Caribbean Literature and Film
WT: Science fiction from Latin America and Spain

Available to students with advanced level of proficiency or native speakers:
SP 301H: History and Culture of the Hispanic World
SP 305H: Dictators and Revolution in Latin America
SP 312H: Latin American Culture in Film
SP 408: Latin American Literature: Reinventing Fiction
SP 407: Hispanic Women Writers
SP 409 Latin America: Human Rights Literature
SP 412: Cuban Literature

Two Winter Term courses may be counted towards the LAS minor: one Winter Term project with a major focus on Latin America offered on or off campus and one Eckerd faculty-led Spanish language intensive course. The language intensive winter term course must count as one of the required semesters of language study. Students majoring in Spanish may only count two of the upper level language classes taken for that major towards the Latin American Studies minor.

Law and Justice


The minor in Law & Justice is designed explicitly for students who are planning to attend law school. Students completing the minor will gain important legal knowledge and skills that should serve them well in law school and later in law-related careers. The minor requires the successful completion of one foundational course: either Constitution and Government Power (PO301) or Constitution and Individual Rights (PO 302S) and five additional courses from a list of law-related courses offered across the College's curriculum.

Completion of this minor exposes students to the major principles underlying American law, the case method of legal study, and the role of law in American society. The College's Pre-Law Advisor oversees the minor in Law & Justice and assists students in the program, providing them with career advice and assistance with the law school admission process.

Students choosing a minor in Law & Justice are strongly encouraged to select a complementary major in consultation with the College's Pre-law Advisor. The Law & Justice minor is ideal for students majoring in several other programs offered at the College. Students interested in eventually pursuing a career in environmental law can pair the minor with a major in Environmental Studies. Those interested in a career in corporate law can combine a Law & Justice minor with a major in Business Administration or Management. A minor in Law & Justice could complement a major in International Relations & Global Affairs for those interested in going into the field of International Law.

Electives for the minor include the following courses:

    AN 248S Forensic Anthropology
    CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication
    CM 223 Argumentation & Debate
    CO 122 Analytic & Persuasive Writing
    CO 202 Writing for Social Change
    EC 281S Principles of Microeconomics
    ES 345H Environmental Ethics & Justice
    HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75
    HD 214S Human Trafficking
    HD 387 Forensics and Human Behavior
    IR 341 The Hague & International Law
    LI 216H Literature, Justice, and Law
    MN 278S Business Law
    PL 102M Introduction to Logic
    PL 345H Symbolic Logic
    PO 243S Human Rights & International Law
    PO 301S Constitution & Government Power
    PO 302S Constitution & Individual Rights
    PO 304S U.S. Congress
    PO 343S International Environmental Law
    PO 421S Comparative Judicial Politics
    SO 235 Deviance
    Literature & Law (Winter Term)

Leadership Studies


The Leadership Studies minor includes six courses from the approved list of courses. These courses address theory, skills, and values and expose students to a multitude of relevant dimensions of scholarship about leadership. In addition, students must complete a major project, internship, or practicum in which they demonstrate significant leadership.

Complete five of the following courses from the first two groups:

Theory/Scholarship (select 3)

    MN 110S Principles of Management & Leadership
    HD 207S Group Dynamics
    EC 301S Leadership: The Human Side of Economics
    MN 312S Women and Leadership
    MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership
    MN 385 Leadership of Complex Organizations
    MN 387 Interpersonal Managerial Competencies
    MN 411 Social Entrepreneurship
Skills (select 2, no more than one from each discipline)
    FD 1 Leadership & Self Discovery Practicum
    TH 101A The Human Instrument
    TH 163A Basic Acting
    CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication
    CM 223 Argumentation & Debate
    CO 122 Analytic & Persuasive Writing
    CO 328 Research Writing and Technology
Complete one of the following courses or an independent course or project which demonstrates significant leadership:
    CR1/2 305 Resident Advisor Internship
    FD1/2 280 Peer Mentoring Internship
    HD 405 Practicum in Group Process
    MN 480 Proctoring in Management
    MN 482 Proctoring in Organizational Behavior
All courses for the minor must be passed with a grade of C- or better.


Visit the Literature website for full details about the discipline.


Visit the Management website for full details about the discipline.

Marine Science

Visit the Marine Science website for full details about the discipline.



A minor in marketing requires successful completion of the following program of courses which includes four required courses and two electives.

Required courses:

  • IB 369 Principles of Marketing
  • Statistics (preferably MN260M)
  • IB 321 Consumer Behavior and Consumerism
  • IB 374 Market Intelligence

Electives (select two):

  • IB 313 Marketing in Emerging Markets
  • IB 485 International Marketing
  • Multicultural Marketing (Winter Term)
  • Internet Marketing (Winter Term)
  • MN110 Principles of Management and Leadership
  • AR342* Introduction to Graphic Design
  • AR 346* The Art of Web Page Design
  • CM 221 Media and Society
  • CM 303 Propaganda and Persuasion
  • CM 312* Public Relations Theory and Practices

Note: courses marked with an * have prerequisites.

Other Eckerd College courses specifically designated as "Marketing" in the title and/or content of the course can also count as an elective. Students should consult with the Marketing Discipline Coordinator regarding the eligibility of the course to fulfill this requirement.

Only one Winter Term course may count toward the minor.

Mathematics & Applied Mathematics

Visit the Mathematics website for full details about the discipline.

Middle East N. Africa Studies

Middle East-North Africa Studies is an interdisciplinary, transnational field that focuses on the peoples, cultures, politics, languages, histories and current issues of the Middle East and North Africa.

The requirements include:

  • Completion of one of two Core courses: PO 252S Middle East Politics or HI 218 Cultures and Societies of the Modern Middle East.
  • If not taken as core requirements, then PO 252S or HI 235 can count as electives.
  • Two semesters of Arabic language (AB101 and AB102).
  • Native speakers or students who test out of AB101 and 102 will be required to take one additional language course, 200 level or above. Additional Arabic training is strongly encouraged for all students but will not count toward an elective requirement.
  • Three elective courses spread among at least two collegia (for example, two courses in BES and one in Letters).
  • At least one of the electives must be a 300 level course or above.

  • Courses that will count to fulfill the elective requirement
  • AB 231G: Middle East Culture
  • EC 388: Economic Development (prerequisite of either EC 201S, EC 281S, or EC 282S)
  • HI 362H: European Empires from 1830
  • HI 365: Decolonizations and the Making of the Global South
  • HI 331: France and the Islamic World
  • PL 230H: Philosophy of Religion
  • PO 221S: Politics of Revolution and Development
  • PO 263G: North African Politics
  • PO 322S: Authoritarian Political Systems
  • PO 325E: MENA Environmental Politics
  • PO 362G: Middle East Conflicts and Wars
  • PO 363G: Middle East Political Economy
  • PO 364: Islam and Human Rights
  • RE 244H: Judaism, Christianity and Islam

  • Music

    Visit the Music website for full details about the discipline.


    Visit the Philosophy website for full details about the discipline.


    Visit the Physics website for full details about the discipline.

    Political Science

    Visit the Political Science website for full details about the discipline.


    Visit the Psychology website for full details about the discipline.

    Religious Studies

    Visit the Religious Studies website for full details about the discipline.


    Visit the Sociology website for full details about the discipline.


    Visit the Spanish website for full details about the discipline.



    The sustainability minor explores the interaction of human society with the natural world and examines existing attempts to make human society more sustainable. The study of sustainability requires experience with a wide array of disciplines, and this minor is designed to familiarize students with the approaches of the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences to the relationship between humans and nature. This minor is a good match for students who want to understand the role of their major in the context of the challenges of sustainability and want to use their knowledge and skills to address these challenges.

    The minor is comprised of three core courses and three elective courses, one drawn from each of three areas: Humanity and Nature, The Natural World, and Applying Ideas.

    Note: No more than two courses may be double counted between the Sustainability minor and the Environmental Studies minor, Coastal Management minor, or the Environmental Studies major.

    Core Courses

    • EC 280S: Intro to Microeconomics of the Environment, EC 281S: Principles of Microeconomics, or EC 282S: Principles of Macroeconomics
    • AN 210: Sustainable Development, PO 342S: Hunger, Plenty, and Justice, or ES 228 Food and Sustainability
    • ES 493: Sustainable Cities

    Humanity and Nature
    (Choose one)

    AN 220E: Cultural Geography
    AN 335E: Cultural Ecology
    ES 351E: Influential Environmental Writers
    ES 315S: Wildlife Policy
    HI 316E: Empire and the Environment
    HI 354E: European Environmental History
    JA 270E: Japanese Literature: Embracing Nature
    JA 285E: Japanese Cinema: Images of Nature
    LI 106E: Southern Literature and the Environment
    PO 325S: Environment Politics and Policy
    PO 337E: Chinese Environmental Politics
    PL 243E: Environmental Ethics
    RE 381E: Ecotheology
    RE 382H: Asian Religions and the Environment
    RE 383E: Nature Religion

    The Natural World
    (Choose one)

    BI 371: Conservation Biology
    BI 373: Restoration Ecology
    ES 270N: Environmental Biology (BI 111N Ecology and Evolution or MS 102N Biological Oceanography can count as equivalent)
    NA 173N: Intro to Environmental Science

    Applying Ideas
    (Choose one)

    EC 373: Natural Resource Economics
    EC 374: Environmental Economics
    EC 388: Economic Development
    ES 214: Green Design
    ES 375: Environmental Communication
    ES 475: Climate Change Communication
    MN 351E: Technology, Society and the Environment
    MN 401: Corporate Social Responsibility
    PO 343S: International Environmental Law
    PO 354G: The UN & Sustainability


    Visit the Theatre website for full details about the discipline.

    Women's and Gender Studies

    Visit the Women’s and Gender Studies website for full details about the discipline.